Research and Methodology
An Overview of Quantitative Research Methods
Quantitative research is research that uses numerical analysis. The researcher knows in advance what he/she is looking for and all aspects of the study are carefully designed before the data is collected. The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories and/or hypotheses pertaining to phenomena.
An Overview Of Qualitative Research Methods
Qualitative research, also called field research, typically involves fieldwork in which the researcher observes and records behavior and events in their natural setting. The researcher physically goes to the people, setting, or site in order to observe the subject as it normally and naturally occurs or behaves.
The Purposes Of Research
Social research serves many purposes. Three of the most common and useful purposes, however, are exploration, description, and explanation. Many studies can and often do have more than one of these purposes, however each have different implications for other aspects of research design.
Ethical Considerations In Sociological Research
The American Sociological Association's Code of Ethics sets forth the principles and ethical standards that underlie sociologists' professional responsibilities and conduct. Here is an overview of the five principles included in the Code of Ethics.
Designing A Research Project
Undertaking a research project can be a bit daunting if you’ve never done one before or if you are embarking on an entirely new subject or research method. Where should you start, and what are the proper steps involved? This article will help guide you through the process.
Units Of Analysis
One important idea in a research project is the unit of analysis. The unit of analysis is the major entity that you are analyzing in your study. It is the ‘what’ or ‘who’ that is being studied. This article explores the common units of analysis used in social science research.
Deductive Reasoning Versus Inductive Reasoning
In science, there are two ways of arriving at a conclusion: deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning. This article explores the differences between the two.
Constructing a Deductive Theory
Deductive theory construction takes place during deductive reasoning in the hypothesis-testing phase of research. This article provides an overview on the steps involved in constructing a deductive theory.
Constructing An Inductive Theory
Inductive theory construction takes place during inductive research in which the researcher first observes aspects of social life and then seeks to discover patterns that may point to relatively universal principles.
Types Of Sampling Designs
When conducting research, it is almost always impossible to study the entire population that you are interested in. As a result, researchers use samples as a way to gather data. This article provides an overview of the different types and ways of choosing a sample from a population.
Grounded theory is part theoretical framework and part research methodology. It combines theory and research and serves as a guide for many social science researchers in their projects.