Best Known For:
- Played a leading role in the struggle for black civil rights in the United States.
- The first African American to earn a doctorate degree at Harvard University.
- Head of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1910.
Career and Later Life:
Du Bois then accepted a teaching position at Atlanta University. He was there for thirteen years during which he studied and wrote about Negro morality, urbanization, Negroes in business, college-bred Negroes, the Negro church, and Negro crime. His main goal was to encourage and help social reform.
Du Bois became a very prominent intellectual leader and civil rights activist, earning the label “The Father of Pan-Africanism.” In 1909, Du Bois and other like-minded supporters founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1910, he left Atlanta University to work full-time as the Publications Director at the NAACP. For 25 years, Du Bois served as the editor-in-chief of the NAACP publication The Crisis.
By the 1930s, the NAACP had become increasingly institutionalized while Du Bois had become more radical, which led to disagreements between Du Bois and some of the other leaders. In 1934 he left the magazine and returned to teaching at Atlanta University.
Du Bois was one of a number of African-American leaders investigated by the FBI, which claimed that in 1942 his writings indicated him to be a socialist. At the time Du Bois was chairman of the Peace Information Center and was one of the signers of the Stockholm Peace Pledge, which opposed the use of nuclear weapons.
In 1961, Du Bois moved to Ghana as an expatriate from the United States and joined the Communist Party. In the final months of his life, he renounced his American citizenship and become a citizen of Ghana.
- The Philadelphia Negro (1896) li>
- Souls of Black Folks (1903)
- The Negro (1915)
- The Gift of Black Folk (1924)
- Black Reconstruction (1935)
- The Color of Democracy (1945)
Hynes, G.G. A Biographical Sketch of W.E.B. Du Bois. http://www.Du Boislc.org/html/Du BoisBio.html
W.E.B. Du Bois. (2011). Biography.com. http://www.biography.com/people/web-du-bois-9279924
Johnson, A. (1995). The Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.