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Subfields of Sociology

Sociology is a very broad and diverse field with many different topics and scopes. Learn more about the different areas of research and application within the field of sociology.
  1. Deviance and Crime (7)

Sociology of Globalization

A subfield of sociology that includes research focused on the economic, political, and cultural aspects and implications of a globally integrated society.

Sociology of Consumption

The sociology of consumption is a subfield of sociology which places consumption at the center of research questions, studies, and social theory.

Sociology of Knowledge

The sociology of knowledge is a subfield devoted to researching and theorizing the socially situated processes of knowledge formation and knowing.

Sociology Of The Family
The sociology of family examines things such as marriage, divorce, child rearing, and domestic abuse. Specifically, sociologists study how these aspects of the family are defined in different cultures and times and how they affect individuals and institutions.

Demography refers to a population's composition. Some of the basic concepts explored in demography include birth rate, fertility rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, and migration. Demographers are interested in how and why these demographics vary between societies, groups, and communities.

Sociology Of Health And Illness
Sociologists who study health and illness focus on the social effects of, and societal attitudes towards, illnesses, diseases, disabilities, and the aging process. This is not to be confused with medical sociology, which focuses on medical institutions such as hospitals, clinics, and physician offices as well as the interactions among physicians.

Sociology Of Religion
In one form or another, religion is found in all known human societies. Even the earliest societies on record show clear traces of religious symbols and ceremonies. Sociologists study religion as both a belief system and a social institution, examining things such as how religious institutions are organized and what influence religion has on...

Sociology Of The Internet
Sociology of the Internet involves the application of sociological theory and methodology to the Internet as a source of information and communication. In particular, sociologists are interested in the social implications of this new technology, such as new ways of interaction, virtual communities, cyber crime, etc.

Sociology Of Race And Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity are important concepts in the field of sociology and are ones that are studied a great deal. Race plays a large role in everyday human interactions and sociologists want to study how, why, and what the outcomes are of these interactions.

Sociology of Gender
Looking at gender sociologically reveals the social and cultural dimensions of something that is often defined as biologically fixed. Gender is not biologically fixed at all, but rather is culturally learned and is something that can and often does change over time.

Sociology of Education
Education is a social institution that sociologists are very interested in studying. This includes teaching formal knowledge such as reading, writing, and arithmetic, as well as teaching other things such as morals, values, and ethics. Sociologists want to know how this form of socialization affects and is affected by other social structures,...

Sociology Of Sports
Sociology of sports, also referred to as sports sociology, is the study of the relationship between sports and society. This is a brief overview of some of the topics examined under the sociology of sports.

Environmental Sociology
Environmental sociology is a sub discipline within the field of sociology that studies of the interactions between the physical environment, social organization, and social behavior.

Military Sociology
Military sociology is the sociological study of the military. It examines issues such as military recruiting, race and gender representation in the military, combat, military families, military social organization, war and peace, and the military as welfare.

Sociolinguistics is the study of the connection between language and society and the way people use language in different social situations. It asks the question, "How does language affect the social nature of human beings, and how does social interaction shape language?"

Sociology of Social Inequality
Sociologists see society as a stratification system that is based on a hierarchy of power, privilege, and prestige, which leads to patterns of social inequality. Inequality is about who gets what, how they get it, and why they get it and sociologists are interested in why and how these patterns exists.

Sociology of Work and Industry
The study of work, industry, and economic institutions is a major part of sociology because the economy influences all other parts of society and therefore social reproduction in general.

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