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ASA Style OF Formatting References

Examples Of How To Format References Using The ASA Style Guide

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The following are examples of how to format references in a paper using ASA format. Included are examples of how to reference books, journal articles, magazine articles, and online sources.

Books

The basic form for a book entry includes…

  • Author’s last name, followed by a comma and author’s first name and middle initial, ending with a period.
  • Year of publication followed by a period.
  • Title of book italicized ending with a period. Follow with edition number if 2nd ed. or later.
  • City of publication (with state abbreviation if it’s not a well-known city), followed by a colon and name of publisher, ending with a period.

Examples:

Book with One Author:
Bergesen, Albert. 2006. The Depth of Shallow Culture: The High Art of Shoes, Movies, Novels, Monsters, and Toys. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

Book with Two Authors:
Mouer, Ross and Hirosuke Kawanishi. 2005. A Sociology of Work in Japan. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Chapter in Book:
Holley, Phillip D. and David E. Wright, Jr. 2006. "A Sociology of Rib Joints." Pp. 46-53 in McDonaldization: The Reader, edited by G. Ritzer. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.

Book with No Author (List books alphabetically by the first significant word in the title):
Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. 2005. 11th ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Journal Articles

The basic form for a journal article includes…

  • Author’s last name, followed by a comma and the first name and middle initial ending with a period.
  • Year of publication followed by a period.
  • Title of article in “quotations,” ending with a period inside the closing quotation mark.
  • Title of journal in italics, no period following.
  • Volume number followed by issue number in parentheses, followed by a colon, page number(s) and period.
  • For articles found online, including from a commercial database:
    − If the article has a DOI (Digital Object Identifer), add it at the end of the citation: doi:10.0011/0000000X0001100101.
    − If the article does not have a DOI, add the date of retrieval and the URL of the site at which you located the article in parentheses, followed by a period: Retrieved [date of retrieval] (www.databasename.com).

Examples:

Print Journal Article with One Author:
Garcia, Alma M. 1998. "An Intellectual Odyssey: Chicana/Chicano Studies Moving Into the Twenty-first Century." Journal of American Ethnic History 18(1):109.

Print Journal Article with Two or More Authors:
Exum, William H., Robert J. Menges, Bari Watkins, and Patricia Berglund. 1984. "Making It at the Top: Women and Minority Faculty in the Academic Labor Market." American Behavioral Scientist 27(3):301-324.

Journal Article from a Commercial Database:
Brunson, Rod K. and Jody Miller. 2006. “Gender, Race, and Urban Policing: The Experience of African American Youths.” Gender & Society 20(4):531-552. Retrieved October 26, 2010 (http://gas.sagepub.com).

Newspaper & Magazine Articles

The basic form for a newspaper or magazine entry includes…

  • Author’s last name, followed by a comma and the first name and middle initial, ending with a period.
  • Year of publication followed by a period.
  • Title of article in “quotations,” ending with a period inside the closing quotation mark.
  • Name of newspaper/magazine in italics, followed by a comma.
  • Month and date of publication followed by a comma.
  • Page number of article within the publication, designated by “pp.” and ending with a period.
  • For articles found online, add the date of retrieval and the URL of the site at which you located the article in parentheses, followed by a period: Retrieved [date of retrieval] (www.websitename.com).

Examples:

Print Magazine Article:
Jana, Reena. 2000. "Preventing Culture Clashes - As the IT Workforce Grows More Diverse, Managers Must Improve Awareness Without Creating Inconsistency." InfoWorld, April 24, pp. 95.

Newspaper Article from a Commercial Database:
Harris, Gardiner. 2007. "Teenage Birth Rate Rises For First Time Since '91." New York Times, December 6, pp. 26. Retrieved August 28, 2010 (http://proquest.umi.com).

Electronic Resources

Examples:

Journal Article from a Commercial Database [Article has DOI]:
Sweeten, Gary, Shawn D. Bushway, and Raymond Paternoster. 2009. “Does Dropping Out of School Mean Dropping Into Delinquency?” Criminology 47(1):47-91. doi:10.1111/j.1745-9125.2009.00139.x.

Journal Article from a Commercial Database [Article does not have DOI] :
Menon, Nivedita. 2009. “Sexuality, Caste, Governmentality: Contests Over 'Gender' in India” Feminist Review 91:94-112. Retrieved November 2, 2010 (http://proquest.umi.com).

nformation Posted on a Web Site:
Spalter-Roth, Roberta and William Erskine. 2007. “Race and Ethnicity in the Sociology Pipeline.” Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved January 9, 2008 (http://www.asanet.org/galleries/default-file/Minorities_Career_Pipeline.pdf).

Web-Based Journal Article:
Smith, Herman W. and Takako Nomi. 2000. "Is Amae the Key to Understanding Japanese Culture?" Electronic Journal of Sociology 5:1. Retrieved May 5, 2009 (http://www.sociology.org/content/vol005.001/smith-nomi.html).

Web Version of Newspaper:
Blank, Rebecca M. 2008. “How We Measure Poverty.” Los Angeles Times, September 15. Retrieved January 7, 2009 (http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/sunday/ commentary/la-oe-blank15-2008sep15,0,7811609.story).

Other

Examples:

Government Documents:
U.S. Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2009. “Offenders” Hate Crime Statistics, 2008. Washington, DC: Criminal Justice Information Services Division Retrieved September 14, 2010 (http://www2.fbi.gov/ucr/hc2008/offenders.html).

Dissertations & Theses:
Valencia, Albert. 1995. "An Examination of Selected Characteristics of Mexican-American Battered Women and Implications for Service Providers." Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University of the Pacific. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Database, 741159811.

References

http://www.calstatela.edu/library/guides/3asa.pdf

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